Receive 12 credits upon successful completion of Anatomy and physiology outline courses. Other branches of anatomy[ edit ] Superficial or surface anatomy is important as the study of anatomical landmarks that can be readily seen from the exterior contours of the body.
Organs of the female reproductive system C. They have mouthparts called chelicerae which are often connected to venom glands as most spiders are venomous.
The eggs are surrounded by amniotic membranes which prevents Anatomy and physiology outline from drying out and are laid on land, or develop internally in some species.
The study of microscopic anatomy or histology can be aided by practical experience examining histological preparations or slides under a microscope.
The coronary arteries branch from the base of the aorta and encircle the heart in the coronary sulcus atrioventricular groove at the junction of the atria and ventricles, and these arteries are compressed when the ventricles are contracting and fill when the heart is relaxed. Structure and Function, Homeostasis, Levels of Organization, and Integration of Systems, this course has the following units: Functions of the Heart The functions of the heart are as follows: Its broad posterosuperior aspect, or base, from which the great vessels of the body emerge, points toward the right shoulder and lies beneath the second rib.
The skull has two openings fenestrae on either side and the jaw is rigidly attached to the skull. He observed that when a ring-like portion of bark was removed on a trunk a swelling occurred in the tissues above the ring, and he unmistakably interpreted this as growth stimulated by food coming down from the leaves, and being captured above the ring.
Cardiac cycle, heart rate, and pulse C. Structure and function of the body, and the connection between the two. The sternum is wide and usually has a keel and the caudal vertebrae are fused.
Unlike other reptiles, crocodilians have hearts with four chambers allowing complete separation of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. It then moves into successively smaller and smaller arteries and then into arterioles, which feed the capillary beds in the tissues.
The tuatara has a well-developed parietal eye on its forehead. The myocardium consists of thick bundles of cardiac muscle twisted and whirled into ringlike arrangements and it is the layer that actually contracts. Their bones are better ossified and their skeletons stronger than those of amphibians.
Heart Valves The heart is equipped with four valves, which allow blood to flow in only one direction through the heart chambers.
Estimated Time to Complete Course: They face forwards in predators and sideways in ducks. Calcium carbonate constitutes the shells of molluscsbrachiopods and some tube-building polychaete worms and silica forms the exoskeleton of the microscopic diatoms and radiolaria.
The heart separates the pulmonary and systemic circulations, which ensures the flow of oxygenated blood to tissues. There are no prerequisites to start the course sequence, and the sequence includes lecture and laboratory. The mammalian heart has four chambers and oxygenated and deoxygenated blood are kept entirely separate.
Atrioventricular or AV valves are located between the atrial and ventricular chambers on each side, and they prevent backflow into the atria when the ventricles contract. Organs of the male reproductive system B. Some protozoans can form multicellular colonies. Ten pairs of intercostal arteries supply the muscles of the thorax wall.
Snakes lack moveable eyelids, the eyes being covered by transparent "spectacle" scales. The neck is long and flexible and the head and the legs can be drawn back inside the shell. This results in the jaws being less rigidly attached which allows the mouth to open wider.
They have an inflexible trunk encased in a horny carapace above and a plastron below.Outline notes from an anatomy and physiology course; outlines include the major body systems such as cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, muscle, nervous, etc.
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Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Course Outline, Objectives and Accreditation Information Chapter 1: The Human Body 1. Define the anatomic terms used. Studies of anatomy include: developmental biology, embryology, histology, gross anatomy, cell biology, systemic anatomy, surface anatomy, regional anatomy, pathological anatomy, and imaging anatomy.
Physiology is the study of how the parts work and the body’s function. This site was designed for students of anatomy and physiology.
It contains textbook resources, such as chapter review guides, homework sets, tutorials, and printable images. Each chapter has a practice quiz and study tips for learning the topic. Fully online three term course sequence of Human Anatomy & Physiology offered Online by Oregon Tech.
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