Identify major trends or patterns: Plan to describe relevant theories. Critiques of that theory, or set of relationships, with a discussion of research that differs.
In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.
However, before you begin writing, you must evaluate your reference list to ensure that it is up to date and has reported the most current work. In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.
The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Varying populations is one of the most common reasons for doing additional research on a topic. Actually Writing the Literature Review You now have a lot of ideas about what is known on your topic and how your particular research fits in.
Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study.
Could relationships found in previous research be spurious, or vary depending on another control variable? See how it works and think about how to make transitions between sections.
This could also be a summary of research finding that X is related to Y. But remember, you really need to think sociologically about this. You may find the program Inspiration useful in mapping out your argument and once you have created this in a concept map form, Inspiration enables you to convert this to a text outline merely by clicking on the "outline" button.
Usually if you take three or more words directly from another source, you should put those words within quotation marks, and cite the page.
What populations have been studied? Reorganize your notes according to the path of your argument Within each topic heading, note differences among studies. One way is to know whether or not adolescents have "ever tried" alcohol. The most challenging part will be when you try to theorize what difference it makes.
You might want to test established ideas on new populations or test a theory using variables measured in different ways. Recall from discussions of causality in social science that we try to do three things: Have you ever tried to synthesize the literature both theoretical and empirical regarding some subject before?
What leads to success in college? The direst time estimates will allow for a couple of assessments.
What methodologies do they use? What is your dependent variable or topic of interest? The point is that how variables are measured can lead to the testing of very different hypotheses. You will be looking for unanswered questions, or gaps in the knowledge.
If you include studies prior to the past five years that are not landmark studies, you should defend why you have chosen these rather than more current ones. This is sometimes the most difficult part for undergraduates, but of course it is the most important question.
You can also do this using a Word Processor, or a concept mapping program like Inspiration free 30 trial downloada data base program e. For example, check out the books assigned for the deviance or juvenile delinquency courses. So you might want to check out the books used in related classes in sociology.
This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.
Summarize the literature in table or concept map format Galvan recommends building tables as a key way to help you overview, organize, and summarize your findings, and suggests that including one or more of the tables that you create may be helpful in your literature review.
Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. Keep your review focused on your topic: Evaluate your references for currency and coverage: Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with thisidentifying relevant databases in your field of study.Writing a Literature Review Definition.
If the review is an introduction to your own research, it highlights gaps and indicates how previous research leads to your own research project and chosen methodology. Write the Body of the Paper. Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the.
Writing Centre. Literature Review Template. Definition: A literature review is an objective, critical summary of published research literature relevant to a topic under consideration for research.
Its purpose is to create familiarity with current thinking and research on Introduction: • A concise definition of a topic under consideration.
4 Top Tips on Writing a Literature Review for Your Education Research Project Tip 7: Citing literature in your text Using different ways of referring to literature in. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.
It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problem, thesis and hypothesis. Writing a Literature Review for a Research Paper Writing a literature review seems to be a bit more difficult than first imagined by students.
Part of this may be due to the writing experience that students bring with them to the project. Learn to write a literature review from Harvard's Graduate School of Education. Literature Review: The What, Why and How-to Guide This guide will help you understand what is a Literature Review, why it is important and how it is done.Download