If Raskolnikov could prove that an act of murder was morally acceptable through a utilitarian equation, then anyone could calculate such heinous actions. However, unlike our democratic government, which employs a system of checks and balances to regulate itself, utilitarianism has no set standards to deem certain acts wrong.
Utilitarianism is a concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people. In reality, his reasoning leaves out several elements such as numerous alternatives and unforseeable consequences, which true utilitarian arguments do not take for granted.
Unfortunately, Mill does not make allowances for competent judges, so any practitioner of utilitarianism must come up with his own scale to measure pleasure and pain and in turn morality.
A utilitarian would argue that Raskolnikov has not reached an acceptable solution because he Utilitarianism term papers not accurately solved the problem. According to Raskolnikov, he has two available options: In measuring the level of pleasure and pain associated with each outcome, a utilitarian must base his evaluation on the probabilities of all likely consequences.
In conclusion, utilitarianism is the most democratic of moral theories. When a utilitarian if faced with a problem they have the right considerations but do not give a realistic way to gather the right information to make the right decision.
Just because one is not in the majority group does not mean they do not have rights either.
If Mill is going to obey his own theory he would say that only killing one person would be less harmful than killing all four of the people. The theory of right action does not stand alone as the only condition for ethical evaluations.
Raskolnikov appears to employ the fundamentals of utilitarianism by pitting the negative consequences of murdering his old landlady against the positive benefits that her money would bestow onto society. So, who provides the standards to make sure that people do not feel justified in committing murder?
The greatest good for the greatest number mentality secures justice for the majority but fails to provide the rights due to the individual. The agent cannot just consider his personal level of pleasure or pain.
Utilitarianism attempts to distinguish between right and wrong by measuring a decision based on its calculated worth. Only in an abstracted situation as the one Raskolnikov portrays, can his simplified conclusion be considered. He could find alternative ways to raise money fundraising, donations, etc.
Mill clearly warns against using the utilitarian thought in trying to fix something as large and general as society.
Philosophy term papers Disclaimer: Pleasure is an example of something considered good and pain is an example of something that would be considered evil. However, in utilitarianism, there are no moral absolutes. A utilitarian would argue that Raskolnikov has not shown the murder to be morally justifiable because Raskolnikov abstracts the situation, does not develop key variables of utilitarianism, and thus has not accurately solved the problem.
To sum it up, utilitarianism focuses on ends rather than actions. So while not doing the paper might give me the most amount of immediate pleasure, the pain that I would incur upon receiving an F in my class would greatly reduce the amount of net pleasure.
So while utilitarian would describe his formula as "the greatest good for the greatest number", a non-utilitarian would characterize it as "the happiness of many overshadowing the happiness of the individual". However, this amount of pain would be outweighed by the pleasure of receiving an A on it, thus in turn raising my GPA, making my parents happy, graduating with honors, securing a six-figure salary job, marrying the perfect man, and having 2.
Therefore, Raskolnikov may cause a high degree of pain with no resulting pleasure to show for it. On the other hand, I might experience some pain due to boredom, frustration, etc. He might prove to be ineffective in helping society.Definition of Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is an ethical theory developed in the modern period by Jeremy Bentham () and John Stuart Mill () to promote fairness in British legislation during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries when the interests of the upper classes tended to prevail and the sufferings of the lower classes /5(20).
This paper will attempt to explain how and why Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism differ as well as discuss why I believe Kant’s theory provides a more plausible account of ethics. Immanuel Kant’s deonotological ethical theory assesses if actions are moral based on the person’s will or intention of acting.
This is a free term paper example on Utilitarianism cannot be used as your own term paper research.
This sample term paper can be easily detected as plagiarism by any plagiarism detection tool. This sample term paper can be easily detected as plagiarism by any plagiarism detection tool.
- Discussion of Utilitarianism In this paper I will be discussing utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the theory proposing the principle of utility as the correct ethical standard. I will also be talking about the THEORY of RIGHT CONDUCT, which is also a part of moral theory.
Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is the ethical theory proposed by John Stuart Mill that says all actions should be directed toward achieving the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
Utilitarianism is a concept that holds an action to be held right if it tends to promote happiness for the greatest number of people/5(1).
Utilitarianism Research Papers Utilitarianism research papers discuss John Stuart Mill's idea of morals based on utility. Based on the normative theory that human conduct is either right or wrong based on the end result of the action and whether it produces a favorable or unfavorable result.
A utilitarianism philosopy term paper begins by looking .Download